What is phonological disorder?
This is a disorder thats occurs when the abilty to produce sounds required for speech at a proper age are not developed in a child.
Terms Used in Phonological Disorders:
This disorder is, at times also compared to as articulation disorder or speech producing sound disorder. If the cause of it is not known, it is called ‘developmental phonological disorder’. If the reason is linked to neurological origin, it is also called ‘dysarthria’ or ‘dyspraxia’. This disorder is usually characterized by the inability of a child to form a speech at level expected by his age group.
Types and Behaviors in Phonological Disorders:
The levels of severity differ in this disorder. They can be language that is absolutely hard to understand, not even to the child’s family members. There might be speeches which that would be understandable by all but with few words slightly mispronounced. Children suffering from such problems may also have problems with subjects like spelling or elocution academically. They also might differ themselves from their classmates who speak differently, feel angry and ridiculed. They might refrain from classroom activities too.
Symptoms of Phonological Disorders:
The symptoms of this disorder differ according to the child’s age. Sometimes, it is difficult to detect this disorder. A six-year old child might develop a normal speech of a four year old.
But the most common symptoms of phonological disorders are:
- Problems in producing and using sound of speech.
- Substitution of a sound for another.
- Cancelling or removing sounds.