Treatment of Pervasive Developmental Disorder
Pervasive Developmental Disorder is a name given to a group of disorders. These disorders are related to the way a person meets and interacts with people around him. PDD is not a life-threatening disorder. Diagnosis of PDD is carried out usually during early childhood. There are 5 disorders grouped under PDD. They are:
- Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified
- Asperger’s Syndrome
- Rett syndrome
- Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
Communication Problems in PDD are:
- Difficulty in speaking and understanding what others are saying
- Difficulty in getting social with people
- Abnormality in playing with toys
- Difficulty in adjusting to new environments
- Repetitive and unusual body movements
Treatment of PDD:
Till date there is no known cure for Pervasive Developmental Disorder. Medicines are given only to treat associated medical symptoms with PDD. A child’s needs is given utmost priority before starting any therapy. Specilaized classroom trainings by trained educators are seen to be quite helpful in treatment. Planning is made for the therapy with association with parents, educators (teachers) healthcare providers like- counsellors, occupational therapists, speech therapists and physical therapists. The goal of the plan is to make the child independent performing his own activities, communicating socially and reducing the undesirable behaviours. The following are needed to be done to arrange a proper planned treatment strategy:
- Special Education: Specialized education is provided to make the child learn.
- Behavior Modification: It includes procedures to create positive attitude and social behavior in the child.
- Speech, Physical And Occupational Therapy: Child’s functionality in performing his daily activities is enhanced.
- Medication: Drugs cannot treat PDD but may be used to treat other associated characteristics.