Speech Therapy

What is phonology?

Each word has a specific sound associated to it, phonology can be defined as study of sounds associated with words.

Sounds play an important role developing fluency and control over the language, pronunciation, stress and apt sound of each word play an important role in improving the language of a person.

Phonology can be classified in the following way:

It is based on the classification of the sounds and such as the inventory of sounds and their features.

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And the next would be of the rules based on which the sounds interact with one another.

Phonology is one of the fields of speech therapy it is also related to other aspects such as phonetics, morphology, syntax and pragmatics.

Let us see how phonology differs from phonetics:


  • Phonetics forms the basis for the phonological analysis.
  • Phonetics deals with analysis of sounds in the speech. Irrespective of languages, it deals with the sounds related in human speeches.


  • Phonology acts as a basis for further work or development in fields such as orthography design, discourse, syntax and morphology.
  • Phonology is used in the analysis of sound patterns in particular languages. It is done by determining which phonetics sounds are important and are recognised by a native speaker.

Let us look into the structure or the pattern in linguistics:

It is organised in the following way:

  • Phonetics.
  • Phonology.
  • Morphology.
  • Syntax.
  • Semantics.
  • Pragmatics.

Some of the models in phonology are:

  • Classical phonemics.
  • Standard generative phonology.
  • Non linear models of phonology.

The non linear phonology is further divided into:

  • Auto segmental phonology.
  • Metrical phonology.
  • Lexical phonology.

1 response to What is phonology?

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