Speech Therapy

The Characteristics of the Dyslexic Brain

What do you know about the characteristics of the dyslexic brain? Keep reading because we will give you the answer in this article.

This article is the third part of the dyslexia series. In the last two articles, we had written about dyslexia definition and the possible causes. What have you learnt from them?

We will now add more information about dyslexia to your knowledge about dyslexia. Optimistically, you will gain beneficial information by reading this article.

We wish you a very happy learning!

What are the brain differences in people with dyslexia?
What makes dyslexic people think and learn differently compared to non-dyslexic people? What are the characteristics?

You may read the following points about the characteristics of the dyslexic brain:

  • An area located in the brain called as the left planum temporale has smaller size compared to non-dyslexic brain. Planum temporale is active while reading and listening.
  • People with dyslexia are also likely to show small neuronal anomalies in different parts of the brain though to be involved during speech and reading processing.
  • People with dyslexia are likely to show greater reading-related activation in parts toward front brain compared to non-dyslexic brain. Based on this fact, possibly reading is more effortful and needs less automatic process for dyslexic brain due to the involvement of these frontal areas.
  • In left part of the brain which is usually strongly related with reading, the brain of dyslexic people typically performs less activation.

As we can read from the points above, the brain differences of dyslexic people are located in the areas specialized for language processing. These differences give problem (phonological deficit) for dyslexic people to process speech sounds (phonemes). This phonological deficit may also create more difficulty and is not limited only to reading and writing.

What kind of problems that a dyslexic person can experience, especially in reading and writing? We will write about this topic in the upcoming article.

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