Dyspraxia in Children-How to Interact?
Childhood apraxia of speech or developmental dyspraxia in children can lead to a lack of control on the speech organs. An improper coordination of the speech organs would cause speech difficulties. A child would have problems in forming a sentence, sequencing words and phonation problems.
Dyspraxia in Children-How to Interact?: One thing to remember before one interacts with these children is- these children are not mentally retarded. They possess a normal development but it is only that the brain lacks control over a dew functions.
- Imitate the child’s actions positively. This can be done while playing or while interacting with the child. It is important that you get into the child’s activities in his/her own way. Never force your actions into this process.
- Give the child enough time to respond. The response time may be slow (is the case in most children with dyspraxia) but, it is important that one waits and heeds the response.
- Build a pattern for the child’s play. Expanding a child’s environment to play in every possible manner will encourage him/her to develop a routine. Also, the child is given a chance to build on his/her creativity.
- Suggestions in the form of questions would be a better way to teach a child. Instead of telling a child what to do, it is always better to ask what would follow. For instance, a child might learn climbing up but never tell to him/her how to climb down. Instead, ask how would you climb down?
- It is important to understand if the child is possessing speech problems or any other problems related to fine motor skills. Based on the problem, it is essential to either allow more response time (if it is the former problem) or more sensory input (if it is the latter).
- It is important that the child keeps practising. As the level of motor skills is a bit low in these children, only sheer practice can help them learn.
- Sometimes, prolonged practice can receive a harsh reaction from children. It is important to stop pressing on such occasions.
- Teach the child to develop routines which are well structured but simple.
- Lastly, understand the child’s limitations when it comes to planning and performing activities. Never overlook these limitations as the child’s lack of effort.
Dyspraxia in children can be very demanding for the parents. But, it is only proper parental care that an help the child develop his/her speech and motor skills.