Children Speech Disorders – An Overview
Children with speech disorders either can’t correctly produce speech sounds or use speech sound properly when producing them. Also, they are unable to produce specific speech sounds. The speech sounds can be related to only one letter or entire syllables. To put it more simply, children speech disorders indicates many conditions in which a child has problems either forming or creating speech sounds required to communicate with others. These disorders include voice disorders, disfluency and articulation disorders. Read on to know more about children speech disorders.
Most frequently, children speech disorders are classified specifically as phonemic disorders or articulation disorders, although there can be some mixed speech sound disorders. However, in a broader context, there are mainly 4 types of speech sound disorders. The causes of these disorders vary accordingly. The first option for treating these disorders is speech therapy.
Speech Sound Disorders – The Various Types
As mentioned earlier, children with speech disorders most frequently fall into one of the 4 categories. These categories include:
Omissions – When children leave out syllables or sounds either they don’t use them properly throughout their spoken language, they can’t produce them correctly or can’t produce at all.
Additions (Commissions) – When children add an extra syllable or sound to a word.
Distortions – When a child correctly pronounces a word, but the sound involved is not correct.
Substitutions – When children substitutes one sound for another consistently. These children consistently produce the wrong word.
Children with language disorders actually face problems with either:
Receptive language disorder – Understanding the message coming from other people
Expressive language disorder – Getting their message or meaning across to other people
A few children have only expressive language disorder whereas others experience a mixed expressive-receptive language problem. This means that they experience the symptoms of both conditions.