Speech Therapy

About Delayed Speech

Almost 5 to10% of children suffers from some type of developmental disability which causes a delayed language and speech development in them. It is imperative to be aware of the fact that language development includes more than just simple talking, as it involves various forms of communication like visual skills, writing and sign language. Read on to know more about delayed speech.

The first one to notice any irregularity in a child’s speech and language are his/her parents. They can observe that their child is unable to develop language skills similar to other children his/her age. They can recognize their child as ‘not speaking yet’, ‘a late talker’ or ‘not talking’.

Causes of Speech Delay in Children

About Delayed Speech

A delayed speech can occur due to several reasons like problems with speech processing (developmental language disorders or mental retardation), speech input (hearing loss) or speech output (anatomical problems in the vocal cords). In children, there are mainly two forms of speech delay – receptive delays and expressive delays. The former is the failure to understand or decode the speech of others whereas the latter means failure to generate speech. Even a child can suffer from a mix of both the delays known as mixed receptive/expressive delays.

Many children who have delayed speech usually suffer from some type of developmental language disorders (DLD). Also, some form of expressive delay is associated with it. Although, these children meet the normal requirements for visual language skills (pointing to desired objects, responding to facial expressions, recognizing objects, recognizing parents) and normal understanding or comprehension of other’s speech.

They also can meet the normal requirements for auditory receptive skills like pointing to named objects and body parts, recognizing sounds, etc. However, a few children can have a variable or mild receptive delay. If delayed speech in children is diagnosed at an early stage, then it can be corrected with the help of speech therapy. They can improve their speech till they ultimately achieve a fluent speech.

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