Expressive Language Disorder – Causes and Symptoms
Expressive language disorder is a type of communication problem. This disorder is characterized by a limited grasp of grammar (most importantly with time words and tense) and vocabulary. This is a general language impairment which puts the affected individual out of his/her age level and onto a younger level. They are often considered to be less linguistically developed. Read on to know the causes and symptoms of expressive language disorder.
Most often, the affected individual has difficulty remembering events and happenings along with speech production. The problem with the memory creates a hindrance in the speech production. Apart from these, the non-linguistically or non-verbal based memory will also be impaired.
Causes of Expressive Language Disorder
The exact cause of expressive language disorder is yet unknown for many children. A few children with expressive language disorder usually have some known developmental impairments or difficulties, such as hearing loss, autism or Down syndrome. This language disorder can either be acquired or developmental.
Acquired expressive language disorder happens after a certain period of normal development. This occurs due to a specific medical condition or trauma. According to some studies, it has been suggested that this language disorder is a type of genetic disorder. This can be traced to more than one family member as well as across several generations.
Symptoms of Expressive Language Disorder
The symptoms of this language disorder can differ from one child to another. The symptoms depend on the severity of the condition as well as the affected child’s age. Here are a few symptoms:
- Problem with school assignments and written and oral work in older children
- Failure to start and hold a conversation
- Difficulty in relaying information or retelling a story
- Talking in circles or failure to ‘come to the point’
- Repeating the exact words of another speaker (echoing)
- Limited content in speech
- Depending on stock standard phrases
- Compared to other children of the same age, using less words and phrases
- Depending on simple, short sentence construction
- Using poor sentence structure
- Leaving off words (for example, helper verbs)
- Making grammatical errors
- Confusing meaning in sentences or using wrong words in sentence construction
- Using non-specific vocabulary like ‘thing’ or ‘this’
- Having a basic or limited vocabulary
- Frequently trouble finding the correct word