Expressive Language Disorder – Diagnosis and Treatment
Expressive language disorder is usually considered to be a childhood condition. This language disorder is divided into two types: the acquired type and the developmental type. The acquired form of expressive language disorder is primarily occurs due to any damage or injury to the brain. This type of disorder suddenly occurs after events like traumatic head injury or stroke. This type of language disorder can occur at any age. On the other hand, developmental form of expressive language disorder does not have any known exact cause. This occurs when a child is learning to speak for the first time. Read on to know more about the diagnosis and treatment of expressive language disorder.
Diagnosis of Expressive Language Disorder
You should immediately have your child’s language skills tested by a speech therapist (speech pathologist), if he /she is having difficulties with expressive or speaking language. Avoid delaying the assessment as your child may leave out on crucial months of therapy.
The speech therapist performs specific assessments for your child in order to know those areas of language which appears to be difficult. During the consultation sessions, parents are mostly allowed. Also, the way these assessment are held, it does not cause any stress to your child. Several other assessments which your speech therapist may recommend may include these further tests:
- Assessments for your child’s intelligence and thinking (cognitive function)
- Tests for finding any learning difficulties
- Complete auditory and hearing processing tests
Treatment for Expressive Language Disorder
The various treatment options are based on the degree of severity of the language disorder. The mode of treatment may include:
- Speech pathology sessions in association with home-based programs. Hence, parents can use them effectively with their children.
- Teacher’s aide support for the child with sever language problems
- Assistance and support from special education teachers
- Language intervention programs in schools
- One-on-one therapy sessions with a speech therapist
- Group sessions with a speech therapist