Speech Therapy

Types of Aphasia – An Overview

Language is just not about words, but much more than that. Aphasia is known as a speech and language disorder, in which the affected person faces difficulty in producing speech. There are different types of aphasia. The tool of language involves the ability to use and recognize words and construct meaningful sentences. The language capability is located in the brain’s left hemisphere. If a person is affected by a stroke or any other injury which damage the left side of his/her brain, it disrupts their ability to use language. Read on to know more about the different types of aphasia.

Types of Aphasia – An Overview

Types of Aphasia

Aphasia has different types. Each type of aphasia can lead to speech and language impairment which can vary from a mild to severe form. The common types of aphasia include:

  • Expressive Aphasia – In this type of aphasia, the affected person knows what he/she desires to speak but has difficulty correctly communicating it to other people. It is immaterial whether the affected individual is trying to write or say what he/she is trying to communicate.
  • Receptive Aphasia – The affected individual can read the print or hear a voice, although he or she fails to understand the meaning of the message. In most cases, a person with receptive aphasia understands figurative language literally.
  • Anomic Aphasia – A person with anomic aphasia faces difficulties in word-findings. This is known as anomia. Due to these problems, the affected individual struggles with his/her inability to find the correct words for speaking and writing.
  • Global Aphasia – This type of aphasia is considered to be the most severe form. It mostly occurs after someone has a stroke. A person with global aphasia has difficulty understanding words as well as speaking. Additionally, the affected individual is unable to write or read.
  • Primary Progressive Aphasia – This condition is a progressive disorder. A person with primary progressive aphasia loses his or her ability to comprehend what others are saying, write , read or even talk over a period of time. After a stroke, the condition can improve with correct therapy. However, there is no treatment available to reverse the condition. People with this disorder can communicate by using different ways than speech. For example, they can use gestures to convey their feelings. Medications and speech therapy has helped many people with primary progressive aphasia.

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