About Phonological Impairment
Phonological impairment occurs in a child when he or she fails to develop the ability to produce or make specific or all sound which are needed for speech that are usually used at his/her age. This impairment is also known as speech sound production disorder, developmental articulation disorder or articulation disorder. When there is no exact cause, the impairment is known as “developmental phonological disorder.” If the exact cause is known, then is is referred as “dyspraxia” or “dysarthria.” Read on to know more about phonological impairment.
Phonological Disorder – An Overview
This disorder is known as a child’s inability to produce speech at a desired level of his/her age group because of a problem to create the necessary sounds. There are several different severity levels of this impairment. These levels of severity range from complete incomprehensible speech, even to the affected child’s immediate family members, to understandable speech with a few mispronounced sounds.
Treatment for this disorder is crucial not only for the affected child’s overall development to produce speech sounds, but for many other reasons as well. Kids who have difficulty producing speech sounds may suffer academic problems in subject areas like reading or spelling. Kids who sound different from other kids can find themselves ridiculed or frustrated. Also, they may not participate in classroom or play activities.
Clarity of Speech
There are several factors which are involved when a child learns to speak clearly. When a child starts to develop a proper organised speech system, the development is known as phonological development. This primarily involves three aspects:
- Storage of sound in the kid’s mind
- Actual sound produced by the kid
- Processes or rules that link between the above two factors
The above mentioned aspects play a key role in therapy for phonological impairment. The therapy is ruled by these three factors as it is a well-known fact that phonological development is a slow and gradual process for all children. This is immaterial of their phonological problems.