Phonological Impairment – Diagnosis and Treatment
Here is the diagnosis and treatment of phonological impairment. Read onto discover more about the treatment options.
Diagnosis of Phonological Treatment
The diagnosis of this disorder primarily depends on the affected child’s age. Four years old children may have speech production problems which show normal development for their age. On the other hand, eight years old children who make the similar mistakes can have some phonological disorder. In kids with phonological impairment, the order and pattern of speech sound development is almost similar to the speech sound development of normal children. But, the speech sound skills slowly develop in the affected child; hence, age is a crucial factor in determining the correct diagnosis of this disorder.
Children with this disorder tend to make the exact speech sound mistake when compared with normally developing, younger children. In a few cases, children exhibit more instances of distortions, substitutions, and omissions in their speech. When diagnosing for this disorder, the physician checks for several other possible causes of the symptoms. The affected child’s hearing should be analysed, as speech sounds are not correctly heard by him or her cannot be learned and imitated well. Reading comprehension should be analysed in school going children. This will help in discovering any other cause of language disorders.
Treatment for Phonological Impairment
For treating children with any phonological disorder, a speech-language pathologist is consulted. The speech and language therapy differs from one child to another depending on the individual’s needs, although it focuses on practicing sounds. In some cases, the child is exhibited the physical ways of producing sounds, like how to form lips and where exactly to place the tongue.
One of the most integral parts of the speech therapy is repeating difficult words with the speech-language pathologist. Children with phonological impairment due to structural or neurological problems which does not allow them to make specific sounds are most often helped with alternatives for the specific sounds.