Speech Therapy

What Is Primary Progressive Aphasia?

Patients who have difficulty in understanding spoken and written language, naming objects, and pausing to search for words are some of the symptoms of Primary progressive Aphasia, a neurological disorder. Difficulty with different parts of speech, spelling the words correctly and understanding them are some of the other symptoms which can vary from patient to patient. Primary progressive aphasia in simple words is a disorder of language and speaking abilities.

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What Is This Disorder?

  • It is basically a disruption of language while maintaining the other mental functions and activities of the daily life intact for about 2 years after its onset. The sufferer can take care of himself or herself, can take up hobbies and pursue them, and in many instances stay employed.
  • The symptoms and the severity of it depend on which part of the left hemisphere of the brain has been affected and to what extent.
  • It always starts as a problem of articulation -the ability to speak or express fluently. But, gradually it progresses to a point where a person may lose the ability to speak totally. This is the severe stage one could go through.
  • It starts with a difficulty to find appropriate words at first, while comprehension and understanding is intact. But over a period of time the difficulty to find words progresses into a more serious stage where the patient finds it hard to remember names. It further deteriorates where comprehending language and spoken word becomes hard.
  • With the help of pathologists specializing in language therapy, the patients of this neurological disorder can learn new communicative strategies. Non-verbal gestures, techniques, using pictures, and other ways are taught to the patients with which they can express themselves clearly.

Primary progressive aphasia patients fight with a condition, in which they lose their ability to speak, read, write, and understand what is being spoken to them.

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