Speech Therapy

What Is Apraxia? – Symptoms, Causes, And Different Types

I remember, many years ago I met this beautiful little girl who was such an enthusiast when she visited my cartoon exhibition. She wanted to draw but failed to do so. That day I learned What Is Apraxia? It affects a person’s ability to perform a task even when he or she understands it and is willing to perform it, and has learned the skill.
Dementia, brain injury, stroke, and traumatic brain injury are some of the known reasons for the condition.

What Is ApraxiaWhat Is Apraxia

What Is Apraxia? – Symptoms
It is a neurological disorder, a disarrangement of nervous system and the brain that results in the inability to perform a task or a job. A person finds it difficult to perform purposeful, controlled, and determined task even when he or she has the physical and intellectual strength to do it. This happens even when:

  • A person understands the request or the command to finish the job.
  • He or she knows how to do the job.
  • The muscles involved to do that particular task are working properly.
  • There is a will to do the job.
  • Has the required skill.

Causes:
Acquired and developmental are the two types of this disorder that have so far been identified in human beings. Developmental disorder is seen in new born babies and the symptoms grow as the baby ages. Though the actual cause of developmental disorder is not exactly known, acquired Apraxia is believed to be due to brain injury.

  • Neurodegenerative Illness is one of the main causes. It is a gradual and evident degradation of intellectual and physical abilities over the years. A condition where the nervous system and the brain function worsens.
  • Dementia is another reason for it. It is a condition where a constant deterioration of cognitive abilities is seen. Reduction in memory, judgment, concentration, and emotional and physical changes are observed.
  • Stroke is any brain injury that affects the normal function of brain and results in impaired reading, writing, speaking, and other cognitive abilities.
  • Traumatic brain injury and brain tumor are the other causes that can lead to the condition.

Different Types:

  1. Orofacial Or Buccofacial:
    The sufferer is unable to carry out, direct and control simple facial movements to cough, wink, whistle, and lick lips.
  2. Limb Kinetic Dyspraxia:
    The inability to use a limb – an arm or a leg to make certain precise movements is called limb kinetic dyspraxia.
  3. Ideomotor Dyspraxia:
    Ideomotor dyspraxia is a condition where a person is unable to make movements in response to verbal commands.
  4. Ideational Apraxia:
    An activity that involves multiple movements like dressing, eating, bathing, etc becomes difficult.
  5. Verbal Apraxia:
    In verbal disorder the co-ordination between speech and mouth movements becomes difficult.
  6. Constructional Dyspraxia:
    The inability to perform simple constructive tasks like drawing, copying, or creating simple figures becomes hard.
  7. Oculomotor Apraxia:
    When the eye movements cannot be controlled, commanded, and purposefully moved, it is called oculomotor condition.

In simple words the answer to what is Apraxia is the inability of a person to perform controlled, purposeful tasks.

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