Stammering Treatment – What Are The Therapies Available?
Stuttering is a speech disorder which is diagnosed when a person prolongs a word, syllable, or sound, repeats a word, or experiences a pause breaking the speech flow abruptly. A variety of Stammering Treatment aimed at the free flow of speech is available. Stuttering therapy, group therapy, a healthy and encouraging family atmosphere, and electronic device therapy are some of the available options.
Let Us Look At The Stammering Treatment Options In Brief:
The treatment will vary from person to person depending upon the age factor, communication goals, and other elements. A point to be noted is that so far no obtainable cure for the condition is available but these simple treatments and other important points can help reduce the stuttering problem to a major extent.
1. Stammering Therapy:
This therapy focuses more on teenagers and adults who are facing the problem, and tries to reduce the stuttering when they speak. This involves teaching the patient how to relax when speaking, regulate breathing, and practice slow speech. Relaxation, regulation, and practice are some of the elements that can help a person grow in confidence when speaking without any pressure and anxiety.
Also, in this therapy a person is encouraged to gradually progress from monosyllable response to using lengthy words, one line sentences to participating in complex conversations.
2. Electronic Device Therapy:
Many stutterers find it easier to speak in unison with a group. Keeping in mind this principle, electronic device therapy has been designed to reduce the stammering problem. In this treatment a hearing device like ear piece is used. The person suffering from this situation wears the device in his ear and hears his/her own voice slightly altered. This helps him/her speak fluently in unison with the device voice.
But, many researchers are questioning the practicality of this option and are questioning and arguing if this would really help a person overcome the stuttering problem.
3. Self Help Group Therapy:
Joining a self help group specifically focused on people with this problem. These groups encourage people to learn fluency without any pressure or shame. In these groups people would find enough resources and support to address the issue.
4. Drug Therapy:
Though many drugs used for the treatment of depression, anxiety, and epilepsy have been prescribed to reduce the stammering, there is no drug so far to treat the condition. It has been found that these drugs may result in side effects if used for longer periods of time. The Food and Drug Administration of US has not approved any drug treatment so far. Also, it has been researched that drug therapy is largely ineffective as a treatment in case of stuttering.
Some Important Points For Parents Whose Children Stutter:
- When you observe the first signs of stuttering in your child it is better to keep a check on it. Normally, children grow out of it naturally after six months, but if the situation is not decreasing then it is advisable to consult a speech and language pathologist.
- Evaluate the speech of your child every 3 months to ensure if the stammering is decreasing or increasing.
- To help the child develop a free and fluent speech flow, provide a relaxed environment at home.
- Help the child develop a positive attitude towards communication instead of refraining from it.
- Keep some time aside every day to speak with your child.
- Do not ignore those special occasions when he or she is excited and wants to share a lot with you.
- Do not discourage your child if he or she is finding it difficult to express himself/herself properly.
- If wrong gently correct the child and praise and encourage speaking more fluently.
- Do not be overtly demanding and do not push the kid to exhibit his verbal abilities in front of people. Especially, if the child is not comfortable.
- Do not pressurize the kid to excel and learn things fast.
- Talk to the child in a relaxed manner. The child will pick up the mannerisms and similarly talk in a relaxed mood. More relaxed he is, less he will stutter.
- Do not try and provide words or complete his sentences. Be patient and let the child speak out the intended word.
- Give the confidence to your child that even if a person stutters, he can still communicate with others effectively.
- Let him know that it is alright if a few disruptions in speech occur. Address the issue in a mature way instead of blaming or pointing out to at the disorder.
These stammering treatment options can help people decrease the disfluency of speech and encourage people to talk freely and without any shame.