Speech Therapy

What Is Fluent Aphasia? – Causes And Symptoms

Receptive Aphasia is an impairment of language, an inability to express oneself clearly and accurately, and difficulty in reading, writing, and understanding spoken or written words. These are some of the symptoms of Fluent Aphasia. Traumatic brain injury, stroke, illness, tumor, and damage to certain parts of the brain are some of the reasons for the condition. Difficulty in memorizing, repeating, and reciting things, fast but unclear speech are some of the other symptoms of fluent aphasia.

What Are The Causes Of Receptive Aphasia?
It is the neurological damage to the temporal lobe which is the main cause of the condition. Temporal lobe of brain is the centre of the memory recall and any injury to it can cause problems with sound, hearing, perceiving, and understanding. This damage could be a result of injury, interrupted flow of blood, illness, stroke, or brain tumor. In most cases damage to the left temporal lobe results in wernicke’s aphasia but in some cases it can also result from injury to the right part too.

What Are The Symptoms Of Wernicke’s Aphasia?

  • The speech of an aphasic person is normal but is ridden with irrelevant, non-existing, and invented words. This makes their speech difficult for others to understand.
  • An aphasic person finds it hard to differentiate between sounds and syllables. They cannot isolate one sound from the other.
  • They frequently say lengthy sentences with unintelligent words.
  • A person who has difficulty in understanding and differentiating sounds usually faces problem with writing too.
  • They do not have problem with understanding and repeating songs because it is processed by the right hemisphere.
  • A person is unable to be aware of the pitch and tone in which he is being spoken to.
  • They cannot express their ideas, thoughts, and feelings appropriately.
  • They leave out words; avoid using pronouns, prepositions, and other parts of speech. This certainly confuses the listener.
  • They substitute one word for another.

These are some of the causes and symptoms of fluent aphasia which can be identified and treated effectively by a speech and language pathologist.

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