What Is Brocas Aphasia? – Causes And Symptoms
I was invited for dinner last Sunday to one of my colleague’s house. I was hugely impressed by the taste with which the house was decorated. It was so simple and yet so elegant. She introduced me to her husband. When he attempted to wish me I thought he stammered, but later I learnt it was Brocas Aphasia. A few years ago, on their marriage anniversary he was rushing home and met with an accident and certain parts of his brain related to speech and language skills were damaged. The house was mostly decorated by him.
Also called as expressive aphasia, it is a condition where the speaking and writing abilities of a person are severely hampered due to the damage to the frontal lobe of the brain. The frontal lobe of the brain deals with the functions of decision making, differentiating good from bad, retaining memories, controlling impulses and emotions. The patient finds it very laborious to speak though the hearing and understanding abilities are good.
What Are The Causes Of Expressive Aphasia?
The damage to the frontal lobe could be a result by any of the following conditions:
- Stroke – rupture of blood vessels in the brain or clot of blood.
- Head injury caused by an accident or by any other reason is also one of the major reasons.
- Lack of oxygen supply to the brain and eventual death of the cells.
- Big lesions on the brain could also pose a danger.
- Brain infection of any nature again is a potential threat.
- Brain tumor, like stroke is a major cause.
- Illness, accident, and blow on head are some of the other reasons responsible for the situation.
What Are The Symptoms Of This Non-fluent Aphasia?
The symptoms can vary depending upon the part and the reason for this condition.
- Patients in this situation usually speak short sentences.
- Their vocabulary is severely limited.
- They have a problem speaking fluently.
- Their speech is not in a flow.
- It is very laborious on their part to speak.
- Their speech is grammatically incorrect.
- They omit prepositions, conjunctions, and other parts of speech.
- Their speech is incomplete and the patients find it hard to string the words together and form an entire sentence.
These are some of the causes and symptoms of brocas aphasia which affects almost one in a million in America alone. If you observe any of the signs of the condition then it is better to consult a speech and language pathologist as soon as possible to examine and identify it.