Speech Therapy

What Is Dyslexia In Children? – Causes, Symptoms, and Types

It is a learning disorder of language that adversely impacts kids’ abilities to read, write, spell, understand, and in pronouncing words. In simple words the answer to the query What Is Dyslexia In Children is that it is the difficulty with words despite proper training, teaching, and adequate intelligence. It is not a disease but a condition that can be treated effectively if identified early in life.

What Is Dyslexia In Children?
When a child finds it difficult to spell, learn, write, read, or pronounce words even after adequate training then it means the child is dyslexic. Even after enough teaching and average intelligence if a child faces trouble then look out for the symptoms. All children face some or the other problem during their learning days, but with practice and average intelligence they learn better.

What Are The Causes Of Dyslexia?
So far the real reason for it has not been identified but it varies from person to person. Following are a few reasons:

  • This condition is also called as developmental dyslexia because some hormonal changes can adversely impact the fetus.
  • It is hereditary and not an acquired problem.
  • In some cases it can also be caused by hearing loss or impairment, which hinders the correct learning process.
  • In some cases hearing problem at an early age and genetics together play a role as a reason for the situation.
  • Traumatic brain injury that damages the language controlling part of the brain.

Symptoms Of Dyslexia:

  • Writing numbers and letters in reverse.
  • Difficulty in copying in book from the board.
  • Writing is not organized and is not in correct sequence.
  • The kid tends to forget the content of his or her favorite story.
  • The child faces trouble with games that involve organizing things.
  • Has a problem with directions and can get confused between left and right sides.
  • They have a weak sense of rhythm and it is hard for them to dance to it.
  • It is troublesome for them to understand and remember things that they hear.
  • Recollection is poor, and recalling sequences is bad. They face hardship while remembering and recollecting more than two or three commands.
  • They miss words or part of sentence, and parts of speech while speaking.
  • They replace a word with similar sounding word or an antonym or a totally different word.
  • They find it hard to express themselves even though they know what they want.
  • They cut out from social life and appear depressed. Their self-esteem gets affected badly.
  • They find it hard to maintain cordial relationships even with close family.

Types Of Dyslexia:
Here are some of the types of the condition that can vary depending upon the cause and the area of language that is affected.

1. Primary Dyslexia:
It is caused because of some dysfunction or abnormality of the cerebral cortex. A child with primary dyslexia finds it difficult to learn above fourth grade. It is genetically passed and the kid as an adult faces problem reading, writing, and spelling words.

2. Secondary Dyslexia:
This type of disorder results from the hormonal developments when the fetus is in the early stages of development. It is also called as developmental dyslexia which diminishes as the kid ages.

3. Trauma Dyslexia:
A trauma or injury to the brain causes this kind of dyslexia, but it is a very rare case. This kind of dyslexia adversely affects the reading, writing, and learning abilities.

4. Visual Dyslexia:
Visual dyslexia troubles the child with numbers and letters. He or she finds it hard to remember numbers and letters and symbols in correct sequence. Letter reversals are the most prominent feature of it. For instance they write ‘d’ in case of ‘b’.

5. Auditory Dyslexia:
In this form a child faces problem understanding the different sounds of letters. It can affect identifying and understanding certain sounds or group of words.

6. With Dysgraphia:
This type of disorder in children results in the difficulty to hold a pencil properly and to control it and write. It also impacts understanding the meaning of words.

7. Without Dyspgraphia:
It only affects the reading abilities while writing, speaking, and understanding are fine.

8. Neglect Disorder:
A child tends to neglect or ignore one side of the word and read only half of it. For example, a child might read only ‘house’ instead of reading ‘houseful’.

9. Spelling Disorder:
A child has difficulty spelling words and is usually a slow reader, reading one letter at a time.

10. Semantic Problem:
The sufferer faces difficulty understanding the meaning of words because he relates them with other words or replaces it with an antonym.

These are some of the symptoms, causes, and types of the condition which should help us answer the query what is dyslexia in children. It would be beneficial if parents identify the symptoms early on and consult a therapist at the earliest.

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