Speech Therapy

What Is Abulia? – Causes And Symptoms

My friend’s father met with a serious accident and was badly injured. It took many days for him to recover, but, then this active man suddenly started acting lazy. Doctors examined and said he is suffering from Abulia. In simple words they explained that the will to do things, speak, or act diminishes and it could be due to some trauma, other neurological diseases, or stroke.

What Is Abulia?
In neurology it is a condition which results in the lack of motivation or will or initiation to act even though the part that is responsible for controlling movements is unaffected. It is also called as Blocq’s disease. It results in increased passive behavior, diminishing ability to move or sustain movements, and decreased social interactions are some of the symptoms of it. It not only affects the movements, but also the speech and response time.

Causes Of Blocq’s Disease:
While experts are debating if Aboulia is a separate disease or a symptom of other neurological diseases, it is agreed that it is caused due to the lesions of frontal lobe of the brain. Other reasons include stroke, intra cerebral hemorrhage, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, and trauma.
Degenerative Diseases: Huntington disease, Parkinson’s and other neurological conditions are a major reason for abulia.
Anterior Cingulate Circuit: Damage to this circuit is also one of the reasons for the situation. This circuit is important for motivation and initiation.
Capsular Genu: Any damage to the capsular genu can affect cognitive abilities and results in behavioral alterations.
Basal Ganglia: This part of the frontal lobe controls the abilities of individuals to initiate social interactions, speech, and movements.

Symptoms Of Aboulia:
Some of the symptoms of this condition are:

  • Reduced interest in usual activities and pastimes.
  • Increased passivity.
  • The person finds it hard to initiate purposeful movements, or sustain them.
  • The will to do things spontaneously is greatly affected adversely.
  • Their emotional responses are reduced and they usually show lack of concern.
  • They take more than normal time to react and respond to stimuli or queries.

These are some of the causes of Abulia; and a brief description of what it is. The next time you see an active person suddenly going lazy after some head injury then it is time to consult a doctor.

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