Speech Therapy

What is Aboulia? – Causes And Symptoms

An active boy in his teens, my old schoolmate came across as a very lethargic person when I met him a few days ago. Later I came to know that he is suffering from a neurological disorder called Aboulia. That explained why his interactions were not responsive enough to continue the conversation for long, and his desire to not to do anything and his apathy was confusing too. Let us understand in brief what this condition is.

What Is Aboulia?
In simple terms it is a neurological disorder that diminishes or impairs a person’s will and motivation to speak, move, act, and interact with others though the organs responsible for these actions are in working condition. Passive behavior, few and disinterested social interactions, late response to interactions and emotions, and lack of desire to move or sustain movements are some of the symptoms of this disorder. It is also called abulia or blocq’s disease.

Causes Of Abulia:
Experts are debating on how to categorize this disorder. Some experts believe it to be a separate disease while others are of the opinion that it is a symptom of other neurological diseases. But, they all agree that the following are some of the causes for disorder:

  • Lesions on the frontal lobe of brain are considered as the main reason for the condition.
  • Degenerative diseases like Huntington disease, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Dementia, and other such diseases are responsible.
  • Any injury or damage to the circuit that is essential for the traits like initiation and motivation is also one of the factors. This circuit is called anterior cingulate circuit.
  • Capsular genu is responsible for the behavioral alterations and cognitive abilities in an individual and any injury or damage to this part is also one of the causes.
  • Injury to basal ganglia affects the abilities of a person to interact, initiate, self-motivate, and to speak.

Symptoms Of Aboulia:
Following are some of the signs of this disorder that affects a person’s interest to do anything.

  • Reduction in the will or complete lack of self-motivation to interact or be involved in favorite activity or interest is observed.
  • The person likes to be passive and less interactive.
  • Their emotional response is late or they show no concern.
  • They experience difficulty in doing purposeful actions and find it even harder to continue it.
  • Their spontaneity is reduced.

These are the symptoms and causes of aboulia that will help people understand the sufferer better. It is better to consult a neurologist if you come across your any friend or family member with these signs.

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