Speech Therapy

What Is Pragmatic Language Disorder? – Overview

My friends son is a cute little boy and we all adore him only except for situations when he suddenly blurts out something that could be embarrassing for any of us. It is only later we all came to know that he has Pragmatic Language Disorder. It was time for my friend to take a look into the matter and with timely intervention from a counselor friend she took her kid to a speech and language pathologist.

What Is Pragmatic Language Disorder?
It is a language disorder where a child or a person finds difficulty with pragmatics – appropriate use of language skills in social situations. These people or children do not know what to say, what not to say, how to tone their language, how to behave and how to speak around others. They also have a hard time starting a topic, maintaining it while conversing, and not to divert the topic randomly. Also, other rules of social interactions become difficult for them like looking into the eye while speaking, not staring or completely avoiding eye contact, sharing information with others, questioning or asking for explanation when misunderstood etc.

What Are Pragmatic Language Skills?
There are three skills while using any language, the first one is the purpose of language, the second toning the language, and thirdly the conversation rules.

1. Purpose Of Language:
The basic purpose of language is to communicate with others, greet each other, share information, request, demand, and commit and promise.

2. Use Of Language:
Language cannot be used alike in all the situations. The tone of our daily language differs from situation to situation and should be appropriate voice modulations are necessary. The openness and loudness with friends cannot be applied when talking in office. The basic knowledge to know how to react to different situations, places, and people is essential.

3. Rules Of Language:
There are certain rules of language that are well appreciated when abided by. Things like knowing how to start a new topic when talking to others, how to begin conversation, how to hold a dignified interaction, staying on the same topic without randomly changing the topic, keeping a healthy eye contact and avoiding looking at the person for too long or avoiding it completely, using appropriate facial expressions and body language while conversing, picking up verbal and non-verbal cues, and keeping respectable distance and space are some of the basic rules.

Though these norms vary from one culture to another, but if you find anyone around you with pragmatic language disorder then it is better to consult a speech and language pathologist at the earliest.

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