Speech Therapy

What Is Pragmatic Disorder? – Symptoms And Help

It was absolutely embarrassing when a blue eyed cute boy walking by me on the road side pointed out to my nose and very loudly said ‘look at her big nose!’ His parents were equally disappointed and ashamed. But, people or children with Pragmatic Disorder find it hard to distinguish between what to say, what not to say, when to say, when not to say, how to say and how not to say. They find it hard to understand the purpose, the function, and the rules of social interaction.

Symptoms Of Pragmatic Disorder:
The three basics of communication skills are: knowing the purpose, using it, and following the rules of it to enjoy good social life. After a brain injury or stroke adults can result this condition in adults.

1. Individuals with this language disorder find it hard to practice the basic purpose of any language, which is to share ideas, thoughts, and information, requesting, pursuing others, greeting them, promising etc.

2. They find it troublesome to understand how to use language when speaking with others. Not all can be talked to in the same tone. A child has to be talked to in a different tone than a wrong doer. Voice modulation is very important, and also it is essential to understand how to react to different people in different situations, and in different conditions.

3. Healthy eye contact when interacting, avoiding to stare at people, starting a topic and maintaining it without randomly jumping from one topic to another, and taking verbal and non-verbal cues are very important rules of social interaction. Good body posture and body language are all difficult for them.

4. They do not ask for an explanation even when they do not understand what is being told to them.

5. They end up saying anything without filtering their thoughts. It could be embarrassing for others.

6. Their social life is very limited because of their inability to hold a decent conversation for long.

Help For Individuals With This Disorder:
Parents, family members, and friends should be patient and help children understand the importance of abiding by the rules of social interaction.

  • Teach the children to practice how to interact appropriately by creating a dummy set up in the house.
  • Show them the difference between demand and request, and also make them understand how being polite is more persuading than being impolite.
  • Practice the dos and don’ts of the social interaction daily so that the kid can comprehend the importance and enjoy a good life.
  • Body language and facial expressions are equally important to learn. Empathy, sympathy, and many other emotions are easily given away through the non-verbal communication. It is very essential to learn that our expressions, both verbal and non-verbal should be according to the situation. For instance we should not make faces when someone is celebrating a happy occasion.

Pragmatic disorder can be corrected further with the help of speech and language pathologist and with the aid of school and a supporting family and friends.

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