What Is Specific Language Impairment In Children? – Overview
This cute, little, blue eyed boy living in our neighborhood is a darling to all of us. But, he has one problem; his communicational skills are very weak. Specific Language Impairment In Children can hinder their day to day life activities, and also obstruct their progress at school. Developmental dysphasia, language delay, and developmental language disorder are some of the other names of this condition.
What Is Specific Language Impairment In Children?
It is a language and communication impairment that affects a child’s ability to find accurate words, put them together to make a sensible sentence, and speak it to express his idea, plan, emotion, request, or demand. It also affects the child’s ability to understand words and then use them.
Symptoms Of SLI:
- Late talking is one of the potential signs of this disorder. They start talking late and by the age of 3 or 4 whatever little they speak is not clear and is very hard for others to understand. Though it is a common thing in some kids with late talking, they usually grow out of it and pick up with their peers, but children with this language disorder if ignored may never learn to communicate effectively and will struggle throughout their school age.
- Cerebral palsy, mental retardation, hearing loss, or autism does not form the reason for this disorder. Hearing loss is also not a cause for the condition. These kids are found to be normally intelligent in non-verbal activities. Likewise, they fare well in motor skills, emotional intelligence, and neurological profile. The results of all these preliminary diagnoses are normal.
- Children with SLI find it hard to understand words and use them appropriately to convey their message, idea, desire, or emotion. This disorder affects both the receptive and expressive skills. Receptive skills deal with the reading and listening part, while expressive skills are concerned with the speaking part of communication. It is not a speech disorder but a language disorder.
- Skipping to use verbs and not understanding them is a good sign of this condition. They usually miss the ‘s’ when using verb, like for example instead of saying ‘she writes fast’, the child with this disorder would say ‘she write fast’. They also ignore past tense, for instance, they would say ‘I want to ride a bicycle yesterday’ instead of ‘I wanted to ride a bicycle yesterday’.
This is an overview and the symptoms of specific language impairment in children which if left untreated can affect the academic life of them. 40-75% of children have problem with reading effectively, but timely intervention from parents and teachers and a speech and language pathologist can help the child fare well in life.