Speech Therapy

What Are Receptive Language Disorders? – Summary

I always have had a problem with my speech. I cannot formulate words immediately and reply to any query or comment instantly. Not until my best friend observed and pointed it out to me, I never paid attention to it. After consulting a therapist Receptive Language Disorders were ruled out, and it was determined that my low confidence was the main reason. I was worried, and planned exhaustively on how to go about it and would do everything the therapist would suggest, but to my relief it was not a language disorder. Today I am working on my confidence and social anxiety issues.

Receptive Language Disorders:
In simple words receptive language problem is the difficulty in understanding the meaning of spoken and in certain cases written words. The child or an adult with this problem usually finds it hard to interpret and understand a group of words, lengthy sentences, directions, and complicated or compound words.

This disorder is also called as auditory processing disorder because hearing impairment or loss could be a reason for the condition, or is also called as comprehension deficit because of the lack of understanding of words.

This could also lead to expressive language problem, because if an individual fails to understand what is being spoken to him or her, it would be very difficult for him or her to express his or her views in reply. This does not mean the individual is not mentally agile or the intelligence is below par, but, people can assume because of the inability to express the ideas or emotions in words.

Causes Of Receptive Language Problem:
Though the real cause is mostly unknown, following are some of the reasons that are considered as major contributors towards the condition.

  • Brain injury
  • Stroke
  • Emotional trauma
  • Brain tumor
  • Illness
  • Hearing impairment or loss
  • Cognitive difficulties – problem with knowing, interpreting, understanding, reasoning, and judging abilities
    Short term memory
  • Developmental disorders like autism etc

Symptoms Of Comprehension Deficit:
These are the most common signs of the condition that can help in determining if a person is suffering form the problem or not. Some of the signs are:

  • The person appears to be uninterested in what is being spoken to him or her.
  • Their attention is very short lived.
  • They hardly show or express interest in stories being read out to them.
  • They have trouble following instructions or directions that involve more than 2 or more steps.
  • Their verbal, written, and spoken skills do not match up to the expected levels of their age.
  • They need repeated reminders to follow instructions.
  • They repeat words that are spoken to them, like a parrot. This condition is called echolia.
  • They need lot of explanation for everything that is told to them.
  • They get confused easily.
  • They have trouble interpreting the context of a conversation.

Different Disorders Of Receptive Language:

  • Central Auditory Processing Disorder:
    Sufferers of this disorder cannot process what they hear due to the incomplete co-ordination between the ears and the brain. This affects their ability to differentiate the various sounds of words.
  • Delayed Speech or Language Abilities:
    Mispronouncing a word, stuttering while speaking, late talking, and other such situations are a prominent feature of this receptive language problem.
  • Aphasia:
    It is a language inability where an individual experiences reduction or loss in the ability to remember words and express them in written or verbal form.
  • Comprehension Deficit:
    This inadequacy in understanding spoken and written words could be due to partial or complete hear loss, brain conditions, nervous system problems, and speech and language issues.

These are some of the receptive language disorders that can be identified, determined, and can be corrected with the help of a speech and language therapist, and supportive family and friends group.

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