Speech Therapy

Aphasia Treatment – Help At Home

It is a speech and language disorder that affects a person’s ability to communicate ideas, thoughts, and emotions. The effect of this disorder can be partial or full depending upon the severity of the damage done to the left side of the brain, which controls the communication skills. Aphasia Treatment will help the patient recover better and faster. Apart from the professional help, family and friends too can immensely contribute towards the betterment of the patient.

Symptoms Of Aphasia:

  • The sentences are short and mostly incomplete.
  • Their speech can be full of words that do not make sense.
  • They use imaginary words.
  • They fail to understand the contextual meaning of words.
  • They find it difficult and in certain cases completely fail to understand conversations and spoken words.
  • Their writing is full of spelling errors.
  • They write words and sentences that cannot be understood.

Causes:
Brain injury, illness, stroke, brain tumor, infection or interrupted flow of blood and oxygen to the brain that can damage the part of the brain that controls the articulation, speech and language abilities of a person are some of the causes for the condition.

Aphasia Treatment:
The type of treatment program completely depends on the age of the person, his or her health, the severity of the damage to the brain, the part that is injured, and the cause of the damage.

  • Some cases of aphasia are cured on its own without any treatment following a type of stroke called transient ischemic attack, which restores the blocked or interrupted blood flow to the brain and continues the normal function.
  • In other situations, the recovery from this condition is not completely cured on its own and professional help from a speech and language therapist is needed. The treatment could take several days, months to a year or two to completely reclaim the articulation skills. The effectiveness and the time period of the treatment greatly depend on the person’s willingness and determination, the injury and its severity, and the cause of the injury. Treatment of one cause could vary from the treatment for another reason.
  • Support groups, clubs, and groups by people who have suffered from aphasia can help the patient improve his or her communicating skills as far as possible. These groups are important in motivating the patient to try out new methods of communication skills. They help the family of aphasia patients to understand and adjust to the new needs of the sufferer and create an environment at the home that is encouraging.

Tips On Treating Patients With Aphasia At Home:
It is always crucial for any person to have a good support from the family, irrespective of whether a person is suffering from any medical, psychological, or physical condition or not. A good family support is the backbone of any person’s growth in the right direction.

  • Always talk with them in simple and short sentences so that it is easier for them to understand.
  • If needed repeat yourself for them to understand the content.
  • If required write down the words and clarify them.
  • Talk according to the age of the person. If the patient is an adult, then talk like two adults would talk. Do not assume an adult to be a child and start talking in a child like manner.
  • Laugh, share information, and enjoy a normal conversation.
  • Try to talk without any disturbances and distractions. Switch off the music, television, and disconnect the phone temporarily. This would give them ample time to talk.
  • Do not interrupt when talking to people with aphasia. Give them as much time as they want to talk. This would help develop and improve their articulation abilities.
  • Avoid and resist correcting the mistakes and errors in the person’s speech. This would not correct their articulation but would discourage them from speaking their mind.
  • Always ask for their opinions too, when taking a family decision. Do not ignore their advice. This would motivate them further and also give a sense of achievement.
  • In many cases the ability to speak is impaired and in such situations gestures, drawing, writing, or pointing to things are used as other means of communication. Always encourage and motivate them to use all forms of communication. Interaction and articulation is important, in whatever way it is communicated.
  • Do not restrict the person’s involvement to the house hold business only. Take them out and be a part of any support group like a stroke group etc, where they are can meet and share their feelings with other people like them.

These tips other than the aphasia treatment designed by a therapist would help the patient recover from the disorder fast and lead a normal life. And, it is very important for the support system, the family to never to lose hope, patience, and belief.

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