Speech Therapy

What Is Dysgraphia? – Causes, Symptoms, And Help

I have always been good with spellings, oral tests, and writing fast, but my mathematics was always the weak point. On the other hand my brother had problem with writing but is brilliant with numbers. My nephew too inherited the same traits, but when his writing was too slow we all decided to see a counselor. He was diagnosed with Dysgraphia. It is a writing disorder that even my brother has, and had difficulty with copying from the board. With enough effort from all of us, his teachers, and by my nephew, he is doing much better now. Let use learn more about dysgraphia.

What Is It?
Also called as writing disorder in simple words, it is a neurological condition that affects the writing abilities of a child or an adult. It affects the ability to identify and write letters and words on paper in a readable way. Individuals with this problem usually have a very slow pace of writing and their words are hard to read and understand.

Causes Of Writing Disorder:

  • In adults it is possible only after a stroke, illness, or injury to the brain and damage to the parietal lobe. This part controls and manages effective functioning of language and fine motor skills.
  • Heredity plays a vital role in certain situations where no other reason is associated with the disorder.
  • Problem with the fine motor skills required to write.
  • Weak co-ordination of the muscles involved in writing.

Symptoms:

  • The writing by these individuals is usually cursive and is hardly readable.
  • Spelling errors, random spaces, no sense of upper or lower case, and problem with punctuation is a common factor observed.
  • While writing the position of the body, the grip of the pen or pencil, and the paper placement is faulty and usually the child complains of wrist pain.
  • The size, shape, and the slant of the letters are irregular and inconsistent.
  • It is difficult and laborious for the child to copy notes from the board.
  • Because writing is a tiring task for these kids, they are easily frustrated and are lethargic.
  • In some children an ability to distinguish between different sounds of letters is troublesome.
  • Help At Home And School:

    • It could be very de-motivating for the child when he is branded as lazy, so it is very important to encourage the child to learn in whatever way he can.
    • Do not make it mandatory for the child to copy everything from the board. Help him or her by providing print outs.
    • Instead of written tests schedule oral tests.
    • Give sufficient time and encouragement at home and school to write better.
    • Provide writing aids like keyboard, or grippers to hold the pen or pencil properly.
    • Practice programs aimed at improving fine motor skills.
    • Children who have trouble differentiating sounds of letters.
    • School counselors can evaluate a child’s performance and design a program to suit the needs.

    Dysgraphia is not a disease, it is only a disorder which can be tackled to a major extent, but it is always advisable not to force or label the kid as lazy, or demoralize by branding careless.

    1 response to What Is Dysgraphia? – Causes, Symptoms, And Help

    1. I have an adopted son diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome. We have many issues that revolve around writing and organization etc. Where can I get him tested in Sonoma County, CA?

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