Speech Therapy

Autism Signs – A Brief Observation

One of the pervasive developmental disorders, this condition affects the normal communication and interaction skills of the brain. Autism Signs in an infant can be read as early as 18 months. Parents need to be very cautious and observing to know if the child is developing as per the normal standards or not. Social withdrawal is the most common symptom of this situation and the children find it difficult to express their thoughts and ideas.

Autism Signs:
Following are some of the symptoms of autistic children which are very evident by the time they turn 2 years. Consulting and taking the help of a therapist at the earliest would help the child immensely and control the severity of the signs.

  • Unlike other children, autistic kids have a hard time sharing their emotions, feelings, ideas, and thoughts both verbally and non-verbally.
  • They do not enjoy social interactions or communication with others.
  • In some cases they lose the social skills that they learned. This is called “regressive autism”.
  • They do not enjoy games where they have to imagine or pretend. Interactive games do not interest them.
  • These kids face a problem with initiation and continuation of a conversation.
  • His limited conversation is mostly filled with gestures rather than with words.
  • They are obsessed with routine. They do not appreciate any changes and get easily upset if introduced to variations or changes in their set daily routines.
  • Autistic individuals are happy repeating the same movements, involving in the same activities, and playing with the same toys etc.
  • Language is delayed, and in many cases it is not developed.
  • They are very sensory sensitive. They get easily irritated to certain touch, smell, light, sound, and taste. Their reaction could be extreme. No reaction or hyper sensitivity. For example, they may not be bothered about really loud noise, but might get irritated by a simple sound.
  • Their words or sentences are usually memorized and are learned from television, radio, or they simply imitate others.
  • They do not like physical contacts.
  • They prefer solitude over playing games with other kids.
  • They do not respond to the rules of social interactions. For instance, they avoid eye contacts, handshakes, or smiling back etc.
  • They can get aggressive towards others and self. They can harm themselves and others.
  • Their interests are very few and usually they like to focus only on one thing to the point of obsession.
  • The span of attention is very less.
  • Difficulty in motor skills, coordination etc is observed. For example, holding a fork, tying shoe laces, holding a pen, catching a ball, riding a bicycle, etc is very difficult.
  • Their sense of balance is also not good and their walk is usually odd.

These autism signs along with other language, speech, motor, and thinking skills should be tested to establish if the child is really autistic or not.

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