Speech Therapy

What Are The Different Childhood Developmental Disorders?

Delay in life’s basic skills like using imagination, socialization, and communication with others occur mostly around the age of 3 and hence are called Childhood Developmental Disorders. The lack of these basic skills hinders a child’s progress and normal growth and results in many difficulties. Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDDNOS), Asperger’s, Rett’s, and Childhood Disintegrative Disorder are the disorders that affect a child the most.

Childhood Developmental Disorders:
Let us learn more about all these disorders in brief that interrupts a normal development of a baby right from the infancy but usually the symptoms go unnoticed.

1. Autism:
Autism is a disorder that impairs the interacting, communicating, and socializing skills of a child. It is a disorder, disruption of the normal neurological development and adversely affects the thinking, judging, learning, interacting, motor, and coordinating skills.
The symptoms can be mild to moderate to severe in different cases and each kid has to be given utmost care, confidence, encouragement, and available therapies. The different therapies aim at reducing the severity of the symptoms and aid in daily life activities. Boys are more affected by this disorder than girls.

2. Asperger’s Syndrome:
Asperger is also a neurological disorder that has a negative affect on the normal development of basic skills. Communication, interaction, and social disabilities are the common symptoms of this disorder. Though the intelligence and language development is not greatly affected, typical behaviors, repetition, and obsession are some of the symptoms that can be severe. It affects boys more than girls.
Normal or average intelligence is witnessed in these kids and their cognitive abilities too are fine and language ability is not too affected.

3. Rett’s Syndrome:
Rett’s syndrome is a neuro-developmental disorder that affects the normal physical and mental growth of baby girls mostly. It is caused by the mutation of a gene that controls and regulates the normal function of brain.
It is characterized by the slow development of the body and small size of the head. It results in reduced use of limbs, curved spine, seizures, and many other symptoms.

4. Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified:
PDDNOS affects the communication, interaction, and playing skills of children. But the interacting ability with others is not as badly affected as in other disorders and also the social skills are far more developed.

5. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder:
Childhood disintegrative disorder witnesses a normal growth of a child, both physically and mentally. But, somewhere between the 2 to 10 years the kid slowly starts losing the social and language skills and also in many cases loses control of other bodily functions like bladder and bowel etc.

Parents should be very alert and look out for any of these childhood developmental disorders symptoms and contact the doctor at the earliest if any signs are witnessed. Earlier the therapy is provided, better the chances are.

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