Speech Therapy

Dysphonia Treatment – Different Options

I was absolutely shocked to learn that we can be perfectly normal health wise and yet our voice can go choppy, breathy, or can sound whispering. I didn’t believe until my friend gave an in detailed explanation of voice disorders, causes, and Dysphonia Treatment. Surgical assistance, botox injections and other vocal chord adjustments can help restore the voice quality, but all these are only temporary solutions that might last from a few weeks to some years. Let us learn more about the voice disorder and its possible treatments.

What Is Dysphonia?
It is a voice disorder that affects the natural voice quality of an individual. The lungs produce enough air flow and pressure that is necessary for the larynx or vocal chords to vibrate and create sound. This vibration is then fine tuned and pitched by adjusting the muscles of the larynx. When these muscles are either closed or opened for longer than needed it affects the quality of the voice.
This closing or opening of larynx muscles is a result of spasm or muscle contractions, and is caused by over use of vocal chords, stress, illness, weakness, trauma, or scarring of the chords.

If the vocal chords are stiffened and closed for longer then it is called adductor dysphonia. If the vocal folds are open and results in breathy and whispering sound then it is called abductor dysphonia. And, mixed dysphonia occurs when the muscle contractions leave the larynx open or close at different times and interferes with the normal sound production.

Dysphonia Treatment:
This is no cure for the problem but a few possible therapies have been suggested to relax the spasms and temporarily restore the quality of the voice.

Botox Therapy:
Botulinum injections are administered directly in the stiff muscles that cause the problem. This is a short term solution and requires recurrent administration of the injection every few months. As soon as the effectiveness of the therapy wears off, so the choppiness of the sound returns.

Laryngoplasty:
This is a method that uses some surgical assistance to adjust the position of the chords without cutting any nerves or muscles. This is particularly useful for people suffering from adductor dysphonia, but this method is not widely practiced and the effectiveness is under investigation.

Larynx Surgery:
In this treatment the nerve responsible for these muscles spasms is cut from the muscle folds of the larynx to restore the normal voice. But, this is again not a permanent answer to the problem and the spasms can return after years also.

Depending upon your preference you can choose the dysphonia treatment. Before deciding on any available options it is better to understand and thoroughly study all the pros and cons of the options.

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