What Are The Different Forms Of Dyslexia? – A Brief Study
A child or an individual who has trouble reading, writing, spelling, understanding, and sometimes speaking properly, then it is a learning disability called Dyslexia. There are different Forms Of Dyslexia that can affect an individual in different ways and can mar different learning abilities. Let us learn a bit more about them all. This disorder adversely impacts sequencing, numbering, speaking, spelling, writing, reading, and understanding abilities.
Forms Of Dyslexia:
We can broadly classify dyslexia into the following 3 groups and other sub-groups.
1. Acquired Dyslexia:
Acquired dyslexia is a result of some dysfunction, an injury or damage, or abnormality of the cerebral cortex. It disrupts the normal function of the brain and hence the disability. This is a rare condition and it affects less than 1% of the dyslexic population. Injury or damage to the part of the brain that controls language and learning is the main reason.
2. Primary Dyslexia:
It is also called as deep dyslexia and it runs in families. It is genetically transferred from one generation to another generation. High intelligence, higher percentage of left handedness, intestinal problems, allergies and other immune disorders are a regular problem. Children or individuals with this dyslexia hardly study above 4 grade and their learning abilities are severely impaired.
3. Secondary Dyslexia:
Also called as developmental dyslexia, secondary dyslexia adversely affects the fetus during the developing stages. As the child ages, so the symptoms reduce in severity. These individuals do well at studies provided their low self esteem is taken care of.
4. Neglect Dyslexia:
In this form of dyslexia the sufferer ignores or neglects a part of the word, or a compound word and pronounces only the other half of the word. For example, a word ‘motorcycle’ will be either pronounced as ‘motor’ or ‘cycle’. Only the left or the right side of the word is picked while the other half is neglected.
5. Visual Dyslexia:
The visual cortex of the brain does not correctly interpret and sequence the numbers and letters. The sufferer of this form finds it hard to arrange the symbols in the right way and usually ends up writing one thing for another. Best example of this form is they write ‘b’ instead of ‘d’. The brain takes as much as 5 folds than a normal brain to process the information and arrange it.
6. Spelling Dyslexia:
People with this type find it hard to read any kind of word. They read and spell each word very slowly and at times miss or do not identify a few letters and hence take a lot of time to read.
7. Auditory Dyslexia:
When a person fails to identify, understand different sounds of different letters and confuses them all, it is called auditory dyslexia. This situation makes it harder for him/her to learn things.
8. Trauma Dyslexia:
Difficulty in reading, identifying, sequencing, letters and numbers in order, writing, understanding and writing words and letters is experienced because of some brain injury or damage. This is a rare condition.
9. Semantic Dyslexia:
This type of dyslexia affects a person’s ability to understand a word or a group of words by confusing it with other similarly sounding word or words. They can also confuse the word with its antonym, synonym etc.
10. Dyslexia With Dysgraphia:
The symptoms of this type of dyslexia with dysgraphia are very severe and it negatively mars almost all the aspects of life. Reading, writing, understanding, spelling, pronouncing, and speaking all are affected by it. This condition needs immediate and special attention.
11. Dyslexia Without Dysgraphia:
This form is also called as pure dyslexia and affects only the reading ability while the speaking and writing abilities are unaffected. Math problems, reading numbers are the most affected.
These are some of the forms of dyslexia that can hinder a normal life in some way or the other. To treat any of these conditions it is better to see a neuropsychologist. The earlier the symptoms are identified the better the treatment works.