Speech Therapy

Dysgraphia Treatment – Some Tips

It is a neurological condition that affects a person’s ability to write eligibly. An individual with this disorder finds it very difficult to write in an understandable and logical order. Dysgraphia Treatment aims at providing enough time, skill, and options to tackle this disability. This condition has no direct relation to the person’s intelligence, and other abilities to read, speak, listen, understand, and process the provided information. Let us understand this condition in brief and the dysgraphia treatment options.

What Is Writing Disorder?
Dysgraphia is also called as writing disorder; it interferes with the writing ability of an individual even after the child has been adequately trained and sufficient time is allowed to pick up the skill. It neither has any affect on the intellectual of the person, nor on the other abilities to read, understand, process, speak, listen, and to comprehend.

Types Of Writing Disorder:
This disability is divided into three types depending upon the associated disabilities with the dysgraphia.

  1. Dyslexic Dysgraphia:
    This condition is observed when a person with dysgraphia needs to write spontaneously. The writing is full of spelling mistakes and is hard to read and understand when asked to write without any prior notice. But, when asked to copy from the board, it is fairly good. When typing on a keyboard, the child or the adult does not have any problem.
  2. Motor Dysgraphia:
    Motor dysgraphia is witnessed when the writer has problem with fine motor skills. Poor muscle coordination, poor or bad handling of the pen or pencil, clumsiness, and general discomfort is witnessed when writing. It is very difficult for the sufferers to compose even a simple and short writing. Though spelling mistakes are not very evident, the hand writing is very bad and is not readable.
  3. Spatial Dysgraphia:
    The writing and copying speed is normal but it is not at all readable. Due to the lack of understanding to provide space between words, the reading is illegible and is very difficult to comprehend.

Causes:
Not all the cases of dysgraphia are due to heredity or injury to the brain, some of the following reasons too are responsible for the disorder. In adults it is usually an acquired condition and is a result of some injury to the part of the brain that controls and manages the writing ability.

  • Lack of motor skills
  • Stroke
  • Illness
  • Weak writing muscles
  • Injury or damage to the parietal lobes of the brain
  • Genetics in some cases etc

Symptoms:
The following signs of writing disorder should be paid attention to instead of just complaining that your child is not interested in writing. The earlier the signs are identified, they can be corrected sooner and better the benefits. Some of the symptoms are:

  • The child or the adult is not very keen to write
  • His or her writing is full of errors
  • The writing is cursive and is hard to read
  • Lack of sense for punctuation is observed
  • The font or size of the letters varies drastically
  • Spaces between two words is too far or no space is provided to understand
  • They lack the sense of upper case and lower case, and randomly insert them in their writing
  • Words are wrongly spelt or at times are not finished
  • To them writing is a huge task and they usually take long hours to write small paragraphs
  • Writing is a very slow , copying from black board is very tedious and tiring
  • While writing their body is positioned oddly, they place the paper oddly, and have trouble gripping the pen or pencil and complain about wrist pain

Treatment For Writing Disorder:
The treatment for this disability depends on the cause and the doctor designs a suitable program to provide maximum benefit to the individual.

  • For motor dysgraphia, the treatment provides enough writing and hand movement skills to correct the problem hugely.
  • If the problem is with reduced memory then neuro-sensory educational therapy is recommended.
  • If the problem is with the body position and wrong grip of the pen or pencil then that is also corrected by a teacher or a parent’s help.
  • Occupational therapy is opted in case of wrong eye to hand coordination and to tone the muscles required to write.
  • Provide a keyboard if that aids in writing. Do not burden the child to write everything manually.
  • Provide a writing aid to have a better grip on the writing device.
  • Hand out printed notes if writing is too slow and the child is unable to copy from the black board.
  • Schedule oral tests instead of written exams.
  • Never ever label the kid as dull, lazy, or careless. This will unnecessarily stress the child and de-motivate him or her.

These are some of the dysgraphia treatment tips, its symptoms and causes that can help the family, friends, and teachers deal with the situation better. With proper training, support, and help from doctors, counselors, family, teachers, and friend this disability can be corrected drastically.

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