Speech Therapy

What Are The Dysgraphia Symptoms? – Overview

Writing disorder is the disability of a child or an individual who experiences difficulty while writing anything on paper. The writing is full of errors and is hard to understand. Dysgraphia Symptoms range from mild to severe and should be identified to help the individual or the child at the earliest. Writing numbers in reverse, wrong spellings, skipping letters, and problems with logical sequence of writing are some of the signs of this disorder. Let us understand in brief what this disorder is all about it.

What Is Writing Disorder?
In simple words Dysgraphia means difficulty in writing. It is a neurological condition that interrupts a person’s ability to write anything that is logical, understandable, and readable. This disorder appears even after providing the individual with enough training, time, and skill. This condition does not interfere with the ability to read, understand, process information, speaking and listening skills.

Causes:
Following are some of the reasons for this condition.

  • Genetics plays a role in certain cases of dysgraphia
  • Weak muscles that are involved in writing
  • Illness
  • Stroke
  • Damage or injury to the brain. This is mostly seen in adults and is called as acquired dysgraphia
  • Reduced, inefficient, or lack or fine motor skills etc.

Dysgraphia Symptoms:
The signs of any condition or disorder should be paid attention to and help should be provided urgently to correct the problem. Dysgraphia is not a disease but a set of symptoms that can be corrected to a major extent.

  • The person does not show much interest in writing and usually looks for excuses to avoid it.
  • Listening, processing, understanding, and speaking is fine, but the only problem lies with writing.
  • Handwriting is very bad. It is mostly cursive and is not readable.
  • These individuals write very slowly, and still copying from the blackboard is very difficult. This happens even when enough time and focus is dedicated to the writing task.
  • Writing is a very tiresome job for these people.
  • Random punctuation or total lack of it is witnessed.
  • Upper case, lower case, spaces, font size, shape, etc in the writing is inconsistent. This makes reading a difficult job.
  • They lack the sense of syntax and basic grammar while forming a simple sentence. They randomly insert words, capital letters, and do not follow punctuations.
  • Margins too are not spaced consistently.
  • Letters are omitted in writing, spelling mistakes are plenty, may spell the same word differently, and does not finish the words etc.
  • The grip to hold pen or pencil is faulty and it generally results in wrist pain.
  • The placement of paper and the body position is also faulty and this severely interferes with the writing process.
  • When writing, these individuals talk to themselves.
  • They are very good with their verbal skills.
  • Numbers do not follow a right sequence.
  • The writing is very clumsy.

These are some of the dysgraphia symptoms that can be addressed adequately when consulted with a doctor. The treatment for this could range from strengthening the weak muscle coordination to occupational therapy that aims at improving the eye and hand coordination. Help should be provided instead of labeling the child lazy or dumb.

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