Speech Therapy

What Is Lisp? – A Brief Introduction

Children who babble, say unclear things, use sign languages, and try to communicate are all so pleasant to look at, but not in every case. After certain age we want our children to speak clearly, if not then it is a sign to worry. What Is Lisp? My friend asked when he first suspected that his daughter is not speaking clearly as she should be and like her peers. With age kids usually grow out of the difficulty of not pronouncing certain letters like ‘s’ and ‘z’ correctly, if not then a therapist can help.

What Is Lisp?
It is a speech disorder where a child finds it difficult to create accurate speech sounds or is unable to pronounce certain letters like ‘Z’ and ‘S’ clearly and makes it sound like ‘Th’. The speech is unclear and is difficult to understand. It is not an uncommon disorder, many children lisp, but, if, they do not out grow of the problem even after they are 4 or 5 years then it is better to consult a speech pathologist or therapist.

What Causes It?
There are many causes for this disorder. In some individuals it can be because of some bruise on tongue. In others a swollen tongue could result in it. Medical condition, deformity, swollen adenoids, and even large tongues could contribute as strong reasons.

Types Of Lisps:
There are four types of lisps which are categorized into two, Natural/Normal development and Unnatural. Interdental and Dentalised lisps are under the natural category. Lateral and Palatal lisps are unnatural ones. Individuals with natural or normal development lisps generally outgrow it with age, but unnatural lisps need a therapist’s help.

  1. Interdental lisp is a condition where a person or a child puts his/her tongue between the teeth while saying ‘s’ or ‘z’, but ends up sounding ‘th’. For example: ‘soup’ is ‘thoop’, ‘sing’ is ‘thing’, and
  2. Dentalised lisp is a condition when an individual ends up placing the tongue against the front teeth and creates an indistinct sound.
  3. Lateral lisp occurs when the air flow is directed towards the sides of the tongue making the sound wet or spitty.
  4. Palatal lisp occurs when tongue’s mid section comes in contact with the soft palate.

These are the types, causes, and description of what is lisp in simple words. If you doubt your kid has this problem then contact a therapist to over come it.

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