Speech Therapy

Child Speech Delay – What Are The Milestones To Measure It?

‘One to walk, two to talk’ we all parroted it repeatedly to look out for any signs of late talking when my sister-in-law gave birth to a cute blue eyed boy. Child Speech Delay can actually trouble a child tremendously if enough attention is not paid to this language disorder. It is one of the most common language problems affecting almost 5 to 10 % of the children of pre-school age. It is a developmental problem that needs to be kept an eye on.

Child Speech Delay:
It is believed that late talking affects one in four children and are slower in speaking. But, these kids pick up the language and speed and usually outgrow of the condition. Not in all cases though. Let us learn more about the milestones to measure if the child is matching to the set standards of speech for that age.

  • From the age of 3 to 4 months a child starts babbling randomly.
  • By 5 or 6 months the babble is rhythmic.
  • From 6 to 11 months a child attempts to imitate words spoken to him/her by adults. This attempt also has expression in it.
  • When a child is 1 year old, he or she starts using one or two words, and can call ‘maa’, ‘paa’, etc., and is able to follow simple instructions. They also recognize names, and sounds.
  • By a year and half a kid is able to say out words, names, and things. He or she can use as many as 5 to 20 words a day.
  • When 2 years old, a child’s vocabulary grows and can understand gestures, and follow directions and instructions. They also start using sentences with two or more words.
  • In between 2 to 3 years, they are capable of using sentences with 4 to 5 words, understands stories, and knows the difference between small and big, black and white, etc.
  • By the age of 4 years, a child can say nursery rhymes, knows the address of his home and school, and can speak in small sentences and can also summarize stories.
  • At the age of 5, a child starts questioning things. His/her sentences are full of why? Has a good vocabulary and can name things, colors, people, things, shapes, designs etc.
  • At the age of 6, a kid should be able to do arithmetic problems, learn different denominations of currency.

If your child is not measuring up to these milestones fully, even then it is not a matter of worrying. Only when the child’s progress is 25% behind the normal developmental language, do you need to worry. It is never a good practice to overlook the child speech delay and assume that the kid will automatically outgrow of it. It is better to consult a pediatrician if you think your child’s speech and language development progress is not according to the normal growth.

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