Speech therapy problems can be overcome with certain speech therapy exercises. The exercises can be used for resolving the speech problems related to voice, fluency and other language disorders. To determine the disorder, it is necessary to seek a speech pathologist. Once the problem is diagnosed and it is confirmed that the condition needs speech therapy, certain exercises need to be undertaken.
Parents can help their children by training them the following exercises. Various types of speech disorders can be overcome by these exercises.
Children find difficulty in pronouncing few letters like D, L, K, M, R, T and Y. The letters that need lip movement can be taught by following exercise. For instance, the letter M can be taught by placing the child’s hand on the trainer’s lips. This allows the child to feel and understand the movements and vibrations of the lips. Then the child should be allowed to mimic the process by placing hands on his/her lips. The same way can be applicable for all the other letters.
In this exercise, specific words are used repeatedly by the speech trainer. Here the child is motivated to use a word while conversing. For instance, while working on sound ‘ch’, one can make use of word church in a paragraph or sentence repeatedly. It helps to create a permanent impression of that particular sound in the mind. The child thereafter is motivated to use the sound in his/her conversation.
Speech Therapy Exercises for Adults
Various speech therapy exercises and activities for adults are as follows.
This problem can be resolved by making the adult speak over the phone. The trainer asks the person to find out the products being mentioned in the call and the trainer ensures that the words included are those which the person stutters. With practice, the person can pronounce the words right.
Mouth muscles become weak in case of dysarthria. In this case, oral motor therapy is helpful in overcoming the muscle weakness. Here the person is instructed to mimic the movements the trainer makes. These movements can be smiling, frowning, moving tongue over lips and making silly faces. For stroke patients, activities like lip movements and raising eyebrows help.
People with apraxia have difficulty in stringing syllables together to make words out of them. The exercise that helps is that of slowing down the speech pace. It helps in hearing the sounds/syllables clearly and to pronounce them correctly. The person is asked to read out simple sentences using a metronome. This exercise helps in mastering the simple sentences.
The speech related problems can be minimized to a very great extent with these exercises. They can be used for both children and adults.